Esp Needs Analysis of University Preparatory School Students: Learning-Centred Approach / Üniversite Hazırlık Sınıfı Öğrencilerinin Özel Amaçlı İngilizce İhtiyaçları Analizi: Öğrenme Odaklı Yaklaşım

Fatma DEMİRAY AKBULUT
2.536 1.628

Öz


Abstract

The current study has been designed to survey needs analysis of Turkish GE students of School of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Arts and Sciences and Engineering. To analyse, a series of qualitative (interview with students) and quantitative (questionnaires) instruments has been used. The method of questionnaires and interview is used for undergraduate, intermediate level of preparatory class students (N=75). Both questionnaires and interview were adapted and after the validity and reliability analysis was verified they were brought to final shape to be conducted. For the purpose of finding out needs and wants required for effective professional skills of participants and analysing the existing instructor content and their pedagogical knowledge, descriptive statistics have been provided in findings and results. The results of the study showed that the majority of the participants expressed that preparatory class is necessary for them but except from writing, grammar and vocabulary teaching, instructors should give more importance to listening, speaking and reading skills. Besides, they stated that materials in the classroom should be more authentic, real-like and interesting. Accordingly, students’ objective, subjective and process needs are satisfied more or less effectively, on the other hand, content needs -especially curriculum design and departmental instructors’ opinions- are valuable to reveal for them.

Özet

Bu çalışma, İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler, Fen-Edebiyat ve Mühendislik fakültesi öğrencilerinin Genel İngilizce ihtiyaçlarının analizini araştırmak amacıyla oluşturulmuştur. Analiz etmek amacıyla, nitel (öğrencilerle görüşme) ve nicel (sormacalar) veri toplama araçlarından yararlanılmıştır. Sormaca ve görüşme teknikleri, üniversite hazırlık sınıfında eğitim almakta olan orta düzeyde İngilizce bilgisine hakim öğrencilerle gerçekleştirilmiştir (N=75). Her iki sormaca ve görüşme soruları farklı kaynaklardan uyarlanmış, geçerlik ve güvenilirliği test edildikten sonra uygulanabilecek son halini almıştır. Katılımcıların etkili profesyonel becerilerini içeren ihtiyaç ve isteklerini bulmak ve eğitim vermekte olan öğretim elemanlarının içerik ve pedagojik yeterliliklerini analiz etmek amacıyla bulgular ve sonuçlar bölümünde betimsel istatistiklere yer verilmiştir. Sonuçlara göre, katılımcıların büyük bir çoğunluğu hazırlık sınıfının önemli olduğunu vurgulamış ancak İngilizce eğitimi vermekte olan öğretim elemanlarının yazma, dilbilgisi ve sözcük öğretimi becerilerinin yanında dinleme, konuşma ve okuma becerilerine de gereken önemi vermeleri gerektiğini vurgulamışlardır. Ayrıca, sınıf içerisinde kullanılan materyallerin daha özgün, gerçekçi ve ilginç olması gerektiğini belirtmişlerdir. Bu doğrultuda, öğrencilerin nesnel, öznel ve süreçsel ihtiyaçları etkili bir biçimde karşılanırken, katılımcılar müfredat programının hazırlanması ve bu noktada bölüm öğretim elemanlarının fikirlerinin alınması gibi içeriksel ihtiyaçlarının da etkili bir şekilde karşılanması gerektiğini düşünmektedirler.


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