Erinlerde Okula Bağlanmanın Yordayıcısı Olarak Sosyal Kaygı ve Depresif Belirtilerin İncelenmesi/An Examination of the Social Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms as the Predictors of School Attachment Among Early Adolescents

Mehmet Ali YILDIZ, Mustafa KUTLU
3.498 973

Öz


Özet

Bu araştırmanın amacı, ilköğretimdeki (ortaokul) erinlerin okula bağlanma düzeyleri üzerinde sosyal kaygı belirtileri ile depresif belirtilerin yordayıcı etkisinin olup olmadığını incelemektir. Araştırmanın örneklemini Diyarbakır ili merkez ilçelerindeki ilköğretim okullarının 6. 7. ve 8. sınıflarına devam eden yaş ortalaması 12.86 (Ss= 1.08) olan 242’si kız (% 53.8) ve 208’i erkek (% 46.2) olmak üzere toplam 450 öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Araştırmanın verilerinin analizinde, betimsel istatistikler, araştırmanın değişkenleri arasındaki ilişkilerin saptanması için Pearson Çarpım Momentler Korelasyon Katsayısı; depresif belirtiler ve sosyal kaygı değişkenlerinin okula bağlanmayı yordamasına ilişkin ise Çoklu Doğrusal Regresyon Analizi kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada, anlamlılık düzeyi .05 olarak alınmıştır. Araştırmadan elde edilen bulgulara göre, depresif belirtiler ile genel durumlarda sosyal kaçınma ve huzursuzluk duyma (G-SKHD) değişkenlerinin, okula bağlanma üzerinde anlamlı düzeyde yordayıcı olduğu görülürken; olumsuz değerlendirme korkusu (ODK) ve yeni durumlarda sosyal kaçınma ve huzursuzluk duyma (Y-SKHD) değişkenlerinin, okula bağlanma üzerinde anlamlı bir yordayıcı olmadığı görülmüştür. Araştırmadan elde edilen bulgular, depresif belirtiler ile genel durumlarda sosyal kaçınma ve huzursuzluk duymanın, erinlerin okula bağlanmaları üzerinde önemli değişkenler olduğunu göstermiştir. Erinlerin okula bağlanma düzeylerini yükseltmek için sosyal kaygı ile depresif belirtilerini azaltma odaklı psiko-eğitim programları hazırlanarak okullarda uygulamalar yapılabilir.

Anahtar Kelimeler:  Okula Bağlanma, Sosyal Kaygı, Depresif Belirtiler, Erinlik. 

  

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate social anxiety and depressive symptoms, as predictors of school attachment in early adolescents. This study is a correlational study investigating relations among school attachment, social anxiety and depressive symptoms. School attachment is the dependent variable, whereas social anxiety, depressive symptoms are the independent ones.  The sample of the study was composed of 450 elementary school students (242 females, 208 males) attending to an elementary school in Diyarbakır city center during 2011-2012 schooling period. Students were in 11-15 age range and, the average age was 12.86 with a standard deviation of 1.08. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and standard multiple regression analyses were used to analyze the data by using SPSS 17. Results showed there is a negative relationship between school attachment and social anxiety and depressive symptoms. It was also found that General Social Avoidance and Distress (SAD-G) and depressive symptoms were important predictors of school attachment. The findings showed that Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE), and Social Avoidance and Distress in New Situations (SAD-N) were not significant predictors of school attachment. The lower level of school attachment in adolescents are related to psychological problems, application of psycho-education groups or group counseling with such adolescents would be quite useful.

Key Words: School Attachment, Social Anxiety, Depressive Symptoms, Early Adolescents.


Anahtar kelimeler


Okula Bağlanma, Sosyal Kaygı, Depresif Belirtiler, Erinlik

Tam metin:

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